Why Forgive? The Power of Letting Go

Forgiveness is the act of releasing someone from the burden of their actions. When you forgive, you let go of the anger and resentment that you hold against them. Forgiving someone may be tough, especially if they have hurt you badly. But it is essential to realize that letting go of the past is critical to moving forward. Forgiveness is not just about the other person; it is also about you. This article explores the power of forgiveness and the benefits of letting go.

The Science of Forgiveness

Forgiving someone makes you feel better. It changes the way you think and feel about a situation. The act of forgiveness is essential to healing and is linked to improved physical and mental health. Researchers have shown that forgiveness changes the way the brain works.

The Amygdala

The amygdala is a part of the brain that controls our emotions. When someone hurts us, the amygdala is activated, putting us in ‘fight or flight’ mode. The amygdala is also responsible for long-term memory creation. So, when something negative happens to us, it sticks around in our memories, and we tend to hold onto the negative feelings associated with the event.

If we don’t forgive, our amygdala stays activated, and our stress levels remain high, which can lead to physical health problems, including high blood pressure and heart disease.

The Prefrontal Cortex

The prefrontal cortex is the area of the brain responsible for problem-solving, decision-making, and critical thinking. When we forgive, the prefrontal cortex is activated and impacts our amygdala’s response to negative emotions brought about by the situation.

When the prefrontal cortex is activated, it helps us think logically about the situation, making it easier for us to understand and empathize with the person who hurt us. This process helps us let go of the negative emotions we associate with the event and move on, improving our mental well-being.

Forgiveness is a Natural Human Response

Forgiveness is a natural human response. We are wired to forgive, which is evident from studies of indigenous peoples and hunter-gatherer societies. These studies show that, in these societies, forgiveness is a part of their everyday culture. They believe in the power of letting go and taking responsibility for their actions.

Benefits of Forgiveness

Forgiveness benefits both the forgiver and the person who is forgiven. It has a positive impact on mental health, physical health, and relationships. Below we’ll discuss some of the most significant benefits of forgiveness.

1. Reducing Stress

Forgiveness can reduce stress on the body and mind. When we hold grudges or anger, we create a negative environment inside ourselves, which causes stress. Stress releases cortisol, the ‘stress hormone,’ which leads to inflammation and other health problems. When we forgive, our body and mind calm down, and the stress response decreases.

2. Improved Mental Health

Forgiveness can also improve our mental health. When we hold onto anger and bitterness, we put ourselves at risk of developing depression, anxiety, and other mood disorders. But by releasing these negative feelings, we give ourselves the freedom to move on and live happy, fulfilling lives.

3. Better Relationships

Forgiveness can help improve relationships with those who have hurt us. When we let go of anger and resentment, we can communicate more effectively with the other person. This helps us to develop a deeper understanding of each other and move forward in healthy relationships.

How to Forgive

Forgiveness is not an easy thing to do. It takes practice, patience, and time. Below are some things you can do to start the forgiveness process.

1. Acknowledge your feelings

It is essential to recognize your feelings before forgiving someone. Acknowledge your pain, anger, and frustration before you can start the healing process.

2. Identify the person who has hurt you

Identify the person who hurt you and make an effort to understand why they did it. This helps you empathize with their situation and can assist you in letting go of the resentment you hold.

3. Resist the urge to retaliate

Retaliation only leads to more hurt and anger. Resist the urge to retaliate and instead seek ways to resolve the situation positively.

4. Make the effort to reconcile

Try to reconcile with the other person. Speak to them and express how you feel. Seek ways to resolve the conflict positively.

5. Focus on the present moment

It is crucial to focus on the present moment instead of dwelling on the past. By doing so, you can start the healing process and move forward.

Why it’s Important to Forgive Ourselves?

We hurt ourselves in many ways. It is essential to forgive ourselves for our past mistakes, failures, and shortcomings. Forgiving ourselves helps us move on and let go of self-imposed guilt and shame.

Benefits of Self-Forgiveness

Self-forgiveness is critical to moving forward in life. Below are some of the benefits of forgiving yourself.

1. Improved Mental Health

Forgiving yourself can improve mental health. It helps in removing the negative self-talk and promotes self-compassion and self-love.

2. Reflection

When you forgive yourself, you reflect on your past actions, and this can promote personal growth and development. You learn from your mistakes and become a better person in the process.

3. Improved Relationships

By forgiving yourself, you can improve your relationships with others. You become more compassionate and understanding as you show the same love and tolerance to yourself.

Conclusion: The Power of Letting Go

Forgiveness is essential for overall physical and emotional well-being. Letting go of anger and resentment frees us from the burden of our past, helps us to live happier, healthier, and more fulfilling lives. Forgiving ourselves is just as important as forgiving others since self-forgiveness helps us move forward with less emotional baggage.


  • Q: Is forgiveness necessary to move on?
  • A: Yes, forgiveness is essential to move on. When we hold onto anger and resentment, it creates a negative environment inside us and may lead to physical and emotional health problems. Forgiving allows us to let go of the past and move forward without the burden of our past.

  • Q: Can forgiveness improve relationships?
  • A: Yes, forgiveness can improve relationships. When we forgive, we open the door to understanding and empathy, which is essential to maintaining healthy relationships.

  • Q: Why is it essential to forgive yourself?
  • A: Forgiving yourself is essential to let go of self-imposed guilt and shame. It promotes self-compassion and self-love and helps in overall development.

  • Q: Is it possible to forgive but not forget?
  • A: Yes, it is possible to forgive but not forget. Forgetting is not a prerequisite for forgiveness. By forgiving, you acknowledge the hurt and move forward without the burden of negativity.

  • Q: Can forgiveness improve mental health?
  • A: Yes, forgiveness can improve mental health. It leads to a reduction in the negative self-talk and promotes compassion and kindness towards oneself.


  1. Worthington Jr. E.L. (2016) The Psychology of Forgiveness and Its Importance in South Africa. In: Babu P., Sebastian P. (eds) Wellness and Work: Employee Assistance Programming in Canada. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-25913-9_9
  2. Maryanna D. Klatt & Mihai D. Meșko (2013) Does Forgiveness Help People With HIV Maintain Optimal Mental Health? Pilot Study Results, Journal of Forgiveness Studies, 1(2), 45-60, DOI: 10.1300/J589v01n02_04
  3. Luskin, F. (2001). Lecture by Dr. Frederic Luskin: Learning to Forgive. http://greatergood.berkeley.edu/article/item/learning_to_forgive
  4. WebMD. (2021, January 14). Forgiveness: The Health Benefits of Letting Go. https://www.webmd.com/balance/features/forgive-forget#1

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