Why do Grasshoppers Chirp? The Secret Reason Behind Their Melodic Sounds

Grasshoppers are fascinating creatures that many of us must have encountered in our backyards. These insects are known for their unique sound that they create by rubbing their hind legs together. Although the chirping sound is quite familiar to our ears, not many people know the reason behind it. In this article, we are going to delve into the world of grasshoppers and discover the secret reason why they chirp.

Have you ever wondered why grasshoppers chirp? The truth is, these tiny insects produce their distinctive sound for a variety of reasons, and it plays a vital role in their lives. In this article, we will explore the different factors that contribute to the grasshopper’s chirping sounds, including their anatomy, behavior, and environment. So, let’s start exploring the secret reason behind the melodious sounds of the grasshoppers.

The Anatomy of the Grasshoppers

Before going into the specifics of why grasshoppers chirp, we need to understand the anatomy of these insects. Grasshoppers belong to the Orthoptera family, which also includes other insects such as katydids and crickets. These insects have a thin, lightweight exoskeleton that covers their body, six long, slender legs, and two pairs of wings. The wings are essential in producing the chirping sound, as we will see later in the article.

The Grasshopper’s Hind Leg

The hind leg of the grasshopper is perhaps the most critical part of its anatomy when it comes to producing the chirping sound. The hind leg of the male grasshopper has a special structure, known as the stridulating organ or the file. This specialized structure consists of a series of ridges or teeth-like structures that are arranged in a row on the hind leg. When the grasshopper rubs its hind leg against the edge of its forewing, it creates a chirping sound that is amplified by the loudspeaker-like structure of the wings.

The Grasshopper’s Wings

As mentioned earlier, the wings of the grasshopper play a vital role in producing the chirping sound. The wings are thin and flexible and can vibrate at high frequencies. These vibrations, coupled with the air flowing over them, produce a distinctive sound that is amplified and heard by other grasshoppers in the vicinity. The wings also act as loudspeakers, directing the sound outward and making it more audible to potential mates or predators.

The Reproductive Behavior of Grasshoppers

Grasshoppers are known for their active mating behaviors that involve the use of chirping sounds. The loud and melodious chirping produced by male grasshoppers serves as a mating call, attracting females looking to mate. The chirping sound is also used as a form of communication between male and female grasshoppers during the mating process.

The Role of Chirping Sounds in Mating

When it’s time to mate, the male grasshopper starts chirping. If a female is nearby, she will respond to the male’s call by flicking her wings. Once the male and female grasshoppers have located each other, the male will hop onto the female’s back, where they will mate. During this process, the male will continue to chirp to keep the female interested and focused on the mating process.

Chirping to Establish Territory

Grasshoppers are territorial creatures that use chirping sounds to communicate with other grasshoppers and defend their territory. Male grasshoppers will chirp loudly to establish their presence in a particular area and warn other males to stay away. The chirping sound can travel great distances, allowing the male grasshopper to let other insects in the area know where his territory begins and ends.

The Environment and Chirping Sounds

The environment in which grasshoppers live can also influence their chirping behavior. The chirping sounds of grasshoppers are affected by several factors, including temperature, humidity, and time of day. As we explore these factors, we’ll gain a better understanding of how the environment influences the chirping sounds of grasshoppers.

The Effect of Temperature on Chirping

Grasshoppers love warm weather, and as the temperature rises, they become more active and start chirping more frequently. A grasshopper’s chirping rate is usually directly proportional to the temperature outside. In other words, the higher the temperature, the more often a grasshopper will chirp.

The Effect of Humidity on Chirping

Humidity plays a crucial role in the chirping behavior of grasshoppers. If the air is too dry, the wings of the grasshopper will not vibrate correctly, and the chirping sound will be weaker. On the other hand, if the air is too humid, the wings will be too heavy to vibrate correctly, and again, the chirping sound will be weaker or non-existent. Therefore, the ideal humidity level for grasshoppers to chirp is around 40-70%.

The Effect of Time of Day on Chirping

The time of day can also influence the chirping behavior of grasshoppers. Many species of grasshoppers only chirp during specific times of the day, such as early morning or late afternoon. This is because the temperature and humidity levels are ideal during these times, allowing the grasshoppers to produce louder and more frequent chirping sounds.

The Different Types of Grasshopper Chirps

Now that we have explored the different factors that contribute to the chirping sounds of grasshoppers, let’s dive deeper into the types of chirps produced by these insects. There are generally two types of chirps produced by grasshoppers: the calling song and the courtship song.

The Calling Song

The calling song is produced by male grasshoppers, and it serves as a mating call. This song is usually short, lasts less than one second, and is repeated at regular intervals. The calling song is typically loud and highly pitched to attract females from a great distance.

The Courtship Song

The courtship song is different from the calling song and is often produced during the actual mating process. This chirp can vary significantly in duration and pitch depending on the species of grasshopper. The courtship song is often softer and more melodic than the calling song and is used to keep the female grasshopper interested during the mating process.


Grasshoppers are fascinating insects that have a unique chirping behavior. From establishing territory to finding a mate, the chirping sound produced by these insects plays a vital role in their lives. We hope that through this article, you have gained a better understanding of the anatomy, behavior, and environment of grasshoppers and the reason behind their melodious sounds.

Most Common Questions and Answers

  • Why do grasshoppers chirp? Grasshoppers chirp for several reasons, including mating, communication, and territorial defense.
  • What is the anatomy of a grasshopper? Grasshoppers have a lightweight exoskeleton that covers their body, six long, slender legs, and two pairs of wings.
  • What is the hind leg of the grasshopper? The hind leg of male grasshoppers has a special structure known as the stridulating organ, which creates the chirping sound.
  • How do grasshoppers produce chirping sounds? Grasshoppers produce chirping sounds by rubbing their hind legs against the edge of their forewings while their wings vibrate with the high-frequency waves.
  • What is the difference between calling songs and courtship songs? Calling songs are produced by male grasshoppers to attract females looking for a mate, while courtship songs are used to maintain the female’s interest during the actual mating process.


  1. Morse, D. H. (1958). “Cricket Behavior and Neurobiology”. The Quarterly Review of Biology. 33(2): 131–176.
  2. Stevens, M. C. (1989). “The Silence of the Insects: Sound Design in Orthopteran Communication” (PDF). Bioacoustics. 1: 49–57.
  3. Sonoda, T., & Gwynne, D. T. (1987). “The Mechanism of Specific Song Recognition by Female Grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Oedipodinae)” (PDF). Journal of Comparative Physiology A. 161(5): 615–28.

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