Why do Bees Need Pollen: The Secret to Honey Production

Bees are known to be some of the busiest pollinators in the world. They fly from flower to flower, gathering pollen and nectar in a never-ending quest to feed their hive. But, have you ever wondered why they need pollen? You might be surprised to learn that pollen is a vital ingredient in honey production. In this article, we will explore the secret to honey production and why bees need pollen.

What is Pollen?

Pollen is a fine powdery substance that is found in flowering plants. It is made up of tiny grains that contain male reproductive cells. Bees collect pollen from flowers and bring it back to the hive to feed their larvae and the queen bee.

How Does Pollen Help Bees Produce Honey?

Pollen plays a critical role in honey production. Bees use pollen as a source of protein to feed their young. Without pollen, the bee larvae would not develop properly, and the queen bee would not lay healthy eggs.

But, the role of pollen in honey production does not stop there. When bees collect pollen, it sticks to tiny hairs on their legs and bodies. As they visit other flowers, the pollen rubs off onto the stigma of the plant, fertilizing it and allowing it to produce fruit. This process is known as pollination.

Without pollination, the plants would not produce fruit, and there would be no honey for bees to collect. So, in a way, it can be said that bees and plants need each other for survival.

How Do Bees Collect Pollen?

Now that we understand the importance of pollen in honey production let’s take a look at how bees collect pollen. When bees visit a flower, they use their tongues and jaws to gather nectar, a sweet liquid found in the flowers.

As the bees move around in the flower, their bodies collect a small amount of pollen, which sticks to their body hair. When the bee leaves the flower, the pollen sticks to the stigma of the next flower, fertilizing it and starting the process of pollination.

What Happens to the Pollen When Bees Bring it Back to the Hive?

When bees bring pollen back to the hive, they store it in special structures called pollen baskets, located on their hind legs. The pollen is mixed with saliva to create a substance called bee bread.

Bee bread is used to feed the larvae and the queen bee. It is rich in protein, vitamins, and minerals, and is essential for the healthy development of the hive.

Why Do Bees Need Honey?

Honey is a vital part of a bee’s diet. It is made from nectar, a sweet liquid found in flowers. Bees collect nectar and store it in their honey stomach, which is a separate compartment in their digestive system.

When the bees return to the hive, they regurgitate the nectar into the mouth of another bee, who repeats the process. This continues until the nectar has been partially digested and transformed into honey.

Bees store honey in the hive to use as a food source during the winter months when there are no flowers to gather nectar from.

How Much Honey Can a Bee Produce?

A single bee can produce about 1/12th of a teaspoon of honey in its entire lifetime. However, a colony of bees can produce up to 100 pounds of honey in a year.


Pollen is a critical component in the production of honey. Without pollen, bees would not have the protein they need to feed their young or pollinate flowers, allowing plants to produce the fruit that bees need to make honey.

Bees are miraculous creatures who work tirelessly to ensure their survival and the survival of many plant species. By understanding the role of pollen in honey production, we can appreciate the value of these hardworking pollinators.

Common Questions and Answers about Bee Pollen

  • Q: Do bees only collect pollen from flowers?
  • A: No, bees also collect pollen from trees and other plants.
  • Q: How do bees find flowers?
  • A: Bees use their sense of smell to locate flowers.
  • Q: Can bees survive without pollen?
  • A: No, bees need pollen to fe ed their larvae and produce honey.
  • Q: How many types of bees are there?
  • A: There are over 20,000 species of bees in the world.


1. Why do bees collect pollen? – National Wildlife Federation – https://www.nwf.org/Educational-Resources/Wildlife-Guide/Invertebrates/Bees

2. Role of pollen in honey production – PerfectBee – https://www.perfectbee.com/learning-center/colony-management/the-role-of-pollen-in-honey-production/

3. Honey Bee Facts – National Geographic – https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/invertebrates/h/honeybee/

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