Why Are My Gums Bleeding? Causes and Solutions.

Bleeding gums can be a sign of a more serious dental problem. It is not typically a cause for concern when it occurs occasionally, but if it happens often or is accompanied by other symptoms, it is important to visit your dentist. Understanding the causes and solutions for bleeding gums can help you take care of your oral health.

What are the common causes of bleeding gums?

There are a number of reasons why gums might bleed:

  • Poor oral hygiene: When you do not brush and floss daily, plaque buildup can irritate and inflame your gums. This is the most common cause of bleeding gums.
  • Gingivitis: A mild form of gum disease, gingivitis occurs when bacteria in plaque buildup cause inflammation and bleeding in your gums.
  • Pregnancy: Hormone fluctuations during pregnancy can cause gum inflammation and bleeding.
  • Medications: Some medications can cause bleeding gums as a side effect.
  • Injury: When you accidentally bite your lip, brush too hard, or suffer other mouth trauma, your gums may bleed.

How can poor oral hygiene cause bleeding gums?

When you don’t brush and floss your teeth regularly, plaque buildup can occur along your gum line. As the bacteria in the plaque grow, your gums can become inflamed and bleed easily. Daily brushing and flossing, along with regular dental cleanings, can help prevent plaque buildup and bleeding gums.

What is gingivitis and how does it cause bleeding gums?

Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that occurs when plaque buildup causes inflammation in the gums. The inflammation can cause your gums to bleed during brushing or flossing. Gingivitis can usually be reversed with good oral hygiene and regular dental cleanings.

What are some solutions for bleeding gums?

There are several things you can do to prevent or treat bleeding gums:

  • Brush and floss daily: This helps remove plaque from your teeth and gums.
  • Use an antimicrobial mouthwash: An over-the-counter mouthwash can help reduce plaque and prevent gingivitis.
  • Take extra care during pregnancy: Good oral hygiene and regular dental cleanings can help prevent bleeding gums during pregnancy.
  • Adjust medications: If a medication is causing your gums to bleed, talk to your doctor about changing the medication or adjusting the dosage.
  • Use a soft-bristled toothbrush: Brushing too hard can cause gum irritation and bleeding. A soft-bristled toothbrush is gentler on your gums.

Can dietary changes or supplements help with bleeding gums?

Some studies suggest that vitamin C can help reduce gingivitis and bleeding gums. Adding more fruits and vegetables to your diet can also help improve your oral health.

How does dental cleaning help prevent bleeding gums?

Dental cleanings remove built-up plaque and polish your teeth, reducing your risk of gingivitis and bleeding gums. Your dentist may also recommend deep cleaning procedures, such as scaling and root planing, to remove plaque and bacteria from below your gum line.

When should I see a dentist for bleeding gums?

If your gums bleed after brushing or flossing occasionally, it is not usually a cause for concern. However, if bleeding gums occur frequently or are accompanied by other symptoms, such as bad breath or gum recession, you should see your dentist. Your dentist can help diagnose the underlying cause and recommend appropriate treatment.

What are some signs that bleeding gums may be a sign of gum disease?

If you experience bleeding gums along with bad breath, receding gums, or loose teeth, you may have gum disease. It is important to see your dentist promptly to prevent further damage to your teeth and gums.


Bleeding gums are a common symptom of gum inflammation or disease. By maintaining good oral hygiene practices and visiting your dentist regularly, you can help prevent bleeding gums and other dental problems. If you notice frequent gum bleeding or other symptoms, see your dentist as soon as possible.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

  • Q: What is the most common cause of bleeding gums?
  • A: Poor oral hygiene is the most common cause of bleeding gums. When you do not brush and floss daily, plaque buildup can irritate and inflame your gums.
  • Q: Can pregnancy cause bleeding gums?
  • A: Yes, hormone fluctuations during pregnancy can cause gum inflammation and bleeding. It is important to take extra care of your oral health during pregnancy.
  • Q: How can I prevent bleeding gums?
  • A: Brush and floss your teeth daily, use an antimicrobial mouthwash, and see your dentist regularly for checkups and cleanings.
  • Q: Can dietary changes help prevent bleeding gums?
  • A: Adding more vitamin C-rich fruits and vegetables to your diet can help reduce gingivitis and bleeding gums.


  1. American Dental Association. (2019). Bleeding Gums. Retrieved from https://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/b/bleeding-gums
  2. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. (2019). Gum Disease. Retrieved from https://www.nidcr.nih.gov/health-info/gum-disease/more-info

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