When Checking for Breathing: Gasping for Air?
Breathing is essential for all living beings, and it’s the first thing a rescuer checks for when performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). However, sometimes people gasp for air, which can be confusing for the rescuer. Does gasping for air mean the person is breathing? What should you do if someone is gasping for air but not breathing normally? In this article, we’ll explore the phenomenon of gasping for air and what it means for someone who is unresponsive.
Gasping for Air: What is it?
Gasping for air is a reflex action that occurs in response to a lack of oxygen in the body. It’s a form of agonal breathing, which is a term used to describe irregular, gasping, or labored breathing patterns. Gasping for air isn’t the same as normal breathing; it’s a desperate attempt to get air into the lungs. Gasps are often louder and more noticeable than normal breaths, and they can be mistaken for breathing.
The Causes of Gasping for Air
The causes of gasping for air can vary. Some possible causes include:
– Cardiac arrest: When the heart stops beating, the body’s oxygen level drops rapidly. Gasping for air can be one of the last reflex actions before brain damage occurs.
– Respiratory arrest: When the lungs stop functioning, the body tries to get air in any way possible, sometimes resulting in gasps.
– Brain injury: A traumatic brain injury can cause irregular breathing patterns, including gasping for air.
– Choking: When an object obstructs the airway, gasping for air may occur.
– Other causes: Chemical poisoning, drowning, and suffocation can also cause gasping for air.
What to do when someone is gasping for air
If someone is gasping for air but not breathing normally, it’s important to act quickly. Gasping for air isn’t a sign of life but rather a sign of oxygen deprivation. Therefore, calling an ambulance is paramount, especially in the case of an unresponsive person. Always check for breathing by directly observing the chest. Feel for a pulse on the neck’s side.
If the person is not breathing normally or gasping weakly, start CPR immediately. Giving oxygen with a mouth to mouth or a resuscitation bag can cause effective resuscitation.
When someone is being resuscitated during cardiac arrest, hearing gasps of breath is a hopeful sign! This means that the person is still salvageable and acts as an indication to commence appropriate resuscitation immediately.
Breathing rate in gasping for air
Gasping is usually slower than normal breathing. The average person’s breathing rate is 12 to 20 breaths per minute, while in gasping for air, the breathing rate tends to be lower, around 2 to 12 breaths per minute. Due to the decreased respiratory and heart rate, the gasps can become weaker, slower, and eventually cease – at this stage, it isn’t helpful to stop resuscitation efforts.
The Difference between Gasps and Normal Breathing
Gasps are usually more noticeable than normal breaths and can sound strange or unusual. Gasping for air creates a sucking or gasping sound due to the forcefulness of the inhalation, whereas normal breathing is relatively gentle and silent. Gasps can make someone’s chest or stomach move forcefully, whereas normal breaths cause the chest and stomach to rise and fall gently.
The importance of Gasping for Air
Gasping for air can play a vital role in diagnosing and treating a person after cardiac arrest. When anyone is resuscitated, the likelihood of that person surviving is increased if they show signs of gasping. The brain needs oxygen within three minutes of fluid cessation; if the person immediately gasps upon resuscitation, it means the brain is still in the recovery process, and the probability of survival doubles. Hence, hearing gasps of air during CPR is a good thing because it’s a sign that the person’s body is still fighting to survive.
In conclusion, gasping for air can be confusing, but it’s important not to mistake it for normal breathing. It’s a sign that the person isn’t breathing sufficiently and requires immediate action. Always make sure to follow protocols and contact emergency services quickly in such situations. Knowing the difference between gasps and normal breathing is vital to ensure a person’s safety after cardiorespiratory arrest.
1. Is gasping for air the same as breathing?
No, gasping for air is not the same as breathing. It is a reflex that occurs in response to a lack of oxygen in the body.
2. What does gasping for air mean?
Gasping for air means that the person is not breathing sufficiently and requires immediate action. It’s a sign of oxygen deprivation and could be life-threatening.
3. When should you start CPR if someone is gasping for air?
If someone is gasping for air but not breathing normally, start CPR immediately. Always make sure to follow protocols and contact emergency services quickly in such situations.
– “Understanding Agonal Breathing and Gasping”, American Heart Association, 2021
– “Gasping for Air”, Healthline, 2021
– “Agonal Respiration or Gasping”, Medical News Today, 2021