What is FTM Transgender? Discover Trans Men’s Identity

Transgender is an umbrella term for people whose gender identity does not correspond to the sex they were assigned at birth. Trans people can identify as male, female, non-binary, or any other gender. For some transgender people, changing their physical appearance to match their gender identity is important, and this can involve undergoing hormone therapy and/or surgery. An FTM (Female-to-Male) transgender person is someone who was assigned female at birth but identifies as male.

Understanding Gender Identity

Gender identity is not the same thing as biological sex or sexual orientation. Sex is determined by biological factors such as chromosomes, hormones, and reproductive organs, while sexual orientation refers to the gender(s) to which someone is attracted. Gender identity is an innate sense of oneself as male, female, non-binary, or another gender. It can be influenced by a range of factors such as culture, socialization, personal experiences, and biology.

What is Gender Dysphoria?

Gender dysphoria is a term used to describe the distress or discomfort that some transgender people experience as a result of the mismatch between their gender identity and the sex they were assigned at birth. It is important to note that not all transgender people experience gender dysphoria, and the severity of dysphoria can vary widely among individuals.

The Experience of FTM Transgender People

Coming Out as FTM Transgender

Coming out as FTM transgender can be a challenging and emotional process. Many FTM individuals experience feelings of isolation and misunderstanding, especially if their family or friends do not support their transition. It is important to remember that each person’s experience is unique, and there is no single “right” way to come out or transition.

Physical Transition

Physical transition for FTM transgender people can involve hormone therapy, surgery, or a combination of both. Hormone therapy involves taking testosterone, which can help to increase muscle mass, lower voice pitch, and promote hair growth. Surgery can include procedures such as “top surgery” (breast removal), “bottom surgery” (genital reconstruction), and facial masculinization.

Emotional and Mental Health

Transitioning can be a positive and empowering experience for many FTM individuals, but it can also be stressful and emotionally challenging. It is common for transgender people to experience anxiety, depression, and other mental health issues as a result of discrimination, stigma, or lack of support. Seeking therapy and support from peers and loved ones can be helpful in navigating these challenges.

Myths and Misconceptions

All Transgender People Want Surgery

While some transgender people choose to undergo surgery as part of their physical transition, not all trans individuals desire or can have surgery. Physical transition is a personal choice, and there is no one “correct” way to transition. Some FTM individuals may choose to undergo hormone therapy without surgery, or achieve their desired gender expression in other ways.

Being Transgender is a Mental Disorder

Contrary to popular belief, being transgender is not a mental disorder. However, some transgender people may experience mental health issues such as anxiety or depression as a result of societal stigma and discrimination. It is important to support and affirm transgender people without pathologizing their identity.

Children Cannot be Transgender

It is not uncommon for children to express a gender identity that differs from their assigned sex at birth. Research shows that gender identity can manifest as early as 2-3 years old. It is important to affirm and support children’s gender identity instead of trying to force them to conform to societal expectations.

Supporting FTM Transgender Individuals

Using Correct Pronouns and Names

Using the correct pronouns and name for someone who has transitioned is important in showing respect and affirming their gender identity. If you are unsure of someone’s pronouns, it is okay to ask politely. Additionally, avoid using a transgender person’s birth name (also known as “deadnaming”) as this can be hurtful and invalidating.

Education and Advocacy

Learning about transgender identities and issues can help to increase understanding and support for the community. It is important to challenge myths and misconceptions about transgender people and advocate for their rights and dignity.

Providing Emotional Support

Transitioning can be a stressful and emotionally challenging experience for FTM individuals. Providing emotional support can be as simple as listening non-judgmentally, offering words of encouragement, or just being present and available.


Being FTM transgender is one of many diverse expressions of gender identity. Understanding, supporting, and affirming transgender individuals can help to create a more inclusive and equitable society for all. Remember that each person’s experience is unique, and we should strive to approach every individual with empathy and respect.

FAQs About FTM Transgender

  • What Does FTM Stand for?
  • FTM stands for “Female-to-Male”, referring to a transgender person who was assigned female at birth but identifies as male.

  • Can Hormone Therapy Change Someone’s Gender Identity?
  • No, hormone therapy cannot change someone’s gender identity. It can, however, help to bring someone’s physical body more in line with their gender identity.

  • Do All FTM Transgender People Want Surgery?
  • No, not all FTM individuals want or can have surgery as part of their physical transition. Transition is a personal choice, and each person’s experience is unique.

  • Is Being Transgender a Mental Disorder?
  • No, being transgender is not a mental disorder. However, some transgender individuals may experience mental health issues as a result of societal stigma and discrimination.

  • What Can I do to Support FTM Transgender People?
  • You can support FTM individuals by using their preferred pronouns and names, educating yourself about transgender issues, and providing emotional support when needed.


1. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-5. American Psychiatric Pub.

2. National Center for Transgender Equality. (2021). Understanding Transgender People: The Basics. Retrieved from https://transequality.org/issues/resources/understanding-transgender-people-the-basics

3. World Health Organization. (2018). International Classification of Diseases for Mortality and Morbidity Statistics (11th Revision). Retrieved from https://icd.who.int/browse11/l-m/en

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