Mathematics has always been a daunting subject for many of us. Among the many mathematical problems, one common yet tricky question that often confuses us is “What is 75% of 10?”. Though it may seem like a simple problem, many of us struggle to find the correct answer. In this article, we will unlock the secret to solving this math dilemma and help you understand the underlying concepts of percentage and fractions.

## Understanding the Concept of Percentage

**Definition of Percentage:** Percentage is a mathematical concept that is used to express a number as a fraction of 100. The symbol for percentage is “%”.

**Example:** Suppose there are 50 balls in a basket, and 25 of them are red. The percentage of red balls in the basket is:

Number of Red Balls | Total Number of Balls | Percentage of Red Balls |
---|---|---|

25 | 50 | 50% |

Therefore, in this example, the percentage of red balls in the basket is 50%.

## Understanding the Concept of Fractions

**Definition of Fractions:** Fractions represent a part of a whole or a group. They are written in the form of a numerator over a denominator. The top number is the numerator, and the bottom number is the denominator.

**Example:** Suppose there are 10 candies in a jar, and 3 of them are blue. The fraction of blue candies in the jar is:

Number of Blue Candies | Total Number of Candies | Fraction of Blue Candies |
---|---|---|

3 | 10 | 3/10 |

Therefore, in this example, the fraction of blue candies in the jar is 3/10.

## Calculating 75% of 10

Now that we have a clear understanding of the concept of percentage and fractions, we can tackle our original problem of calculating 75% of 10.

### Method 1 – Using Fractions

To solve this problem using fractions, we can first convert 75% to a fraction. To do this, we divide 75 by 100:

**75/100 = 3/4**

Now, we can multiply the fraction 3/4 with 10:

**(3/4) x 10 = 7.5**

Therefore, 75% of 10 is 7.5.

### Method 2 – Using Percentage

We can also solve this problem using the concept of percentage. To do this, we can multiply 10 by 75%:

**10 x 75% = 7.5**

Therefore, 75% of 10 is 7.5.

## Common Misconceptions about Percentage Calculations

There are a few common misconceptions about percentage calculations:

### Percentage Versus Percentage Points

Percentage and percentage points are often confused. Percentage points refer to the difference between two percentages, while percentage refers to a fraction of 100. For example, if the interest rate on a credit card increases from 15% to 20%, it has increased by 5 percentage points, not 5%.

### Percentage Increase Versus Percentage Decrease

When calculating percentage increase, we divide the difference between the new and old value by the old value and then multiply the result by 100. When calculating percentage decrease, we divide the difference between the old and new value by the old value and then multiply the result by 100.

### Percentage Calculation in Real Life

Percentage calculations are commonly used in real-life scenarios, such as calculating discounts, interest rates, tax rates, and inflation rates. It is important to have a good understanding of the concept of percentage to be able to calculate these values accurately.

## Tips for Solving Percentage Problems

Here are some tips for solving percentage problems:

**Convert percentages to fractions:**If you are more comfortable working with fractions, it may be helpful to convert percentages to fractions first.**Use a proportion:**If you are comparing two quantities, you can use a proportion.**Practice:**The more percentage problems you solve, the more comfortable you will become with the concept.

## Conclusion

Calculating percentages can be a challenging task, but with proper understanding and practice, it can become an easy one. By now, you should have a clear idea of how to calculate 75% of 10, and an understanding of the underlying concepts of percentage and fractions. With this knowledge, you can now tackle percentage problems with ease and confidence.

## FAQs

**What is a percentage?**A percentage is a mathematical concept that is used to express a number as a fraction of 100.**What are fractions?**Fractions represent a part of a whole or a group. They are written in the form of a numerator over a denominator.**How do you calculate percentages?**To calculate a percentage, we first divide the value by 100 and then multiply the result by the percentage.**What is 75% of 10?**75% of 10 is 7.5.**What is the difference between percentage and percentage points?**Percentage refers to a fraction of 100, while percentage points refer to the difference between two percentages.

## References

1. Mathematics Reference Sheet – Grade 7 – Michigan Department of Education

2. Percentages Explained – BBC Bitesize

3. Fractions Explained – BBC Bitesize