What Colors Create Baby Blue: A Guide

When it comes to baby colors, few are as popular or universally recognized as baby blue. From clothes to toys, accessories to furniture, the soft, powdery hue has come to represent all things sweet, innocent, and newborn. But what exactly makes a color “baby blue?” And how can you recreate it for your own projects? In this guide, we’ll dive into the world of color theory, explore different pigments and hues, and provide tips for achieving the perfect baby blue shade.

Understanding Color Theory

Before we can discuss how to make baby blue, we must first understand the basics of color theory. Simply put, color theory is the study of how colors interact and how they can be combined to create a desired effect. At the heart of color theory are three primary colors: red, blue, and yellow. Secondary colors, such as purple, green, and orange, are created by mixing these primary colors in varying amounts.

What is a Hue?

A hue refers to a specific color, such as red, green, or blue. Each hue has a unique wavelength and is represented on a color spectrum. When we discuss different shades of a color, we are referring to variations in the hue – for example, light blue versus dark blue.

What is Saturation?

Saturation is a measure of how intense a color is. A highly saturated color is bright and vivid, while a desaturated color is more muted or “washed out.” In the case of baby blue, we are looking for a color with low to medium saturation, as this is what gives it its soft, subtle quality.

What is Value?

Value refers to the lightness or darkness of a color. A high-value color is light, while a low-value color is dark. When we talk about creating baby blue, we are looking for a color with a relatively high value, as this is what gives it its airy, dreamy quality.

What Colors Make Baby Blue?

Now that we have a basic understanding of color theory, let’s dig into the specifics of creating baby blue. There are several different ways to approach this, depending on the materials you are working with and the exact shade of blue you are aiming for. Some possible methods include:

Using Blue and White

The most straightforward way to create baby blue is to mix blue and white together. Start with a base of pure white paint or pigment, and gradually add a small amount of blue until you achieve the desired hue. A good rule of thumb is to use about five parts white to one part blue, although this can vary depending on the intensity of your pigments and the desired result.

Combining Blue with Other Colors

Another approach is to mix blue with other colors to create a more complex shade. For example, you might combine blue with a touch of green or yellow to create a slightly warmer, more cheerful blue. Conversely, you could mix blue with a small amount of purple or gray to create a cooler, more subdued blue.

Using Pigment

An alternative to mixing paint is to use pigment to create your color. Pigment is a dry powder that can be mixed with a binding agent (such as water, oil, or acrylic medium) to create paint. To create baby blue pigment, you will typically need to mix ultramarine blue with a touch of white titanium dioxide. Again, the exact ratios will depend on your intended shade.

Other Considerations

There are a few other factors to keep in mind when creating baby blue, including:


The way color appears can vary depending on the lighting conditions. For example, a color might appear brighter or more vivid in direct sunlight than it does in a dimly lit room. When creating baby blue, be sure to consider the lighting conditions in which it will be viewed, and adjust your pigment or paint ratios accordingly.

Surface Material

The material you are working with can also affect the way your color appears. For example, a baby blue fabric might appear slightly different than a baby blue piece of paper or a baby blue plastic toy. Be sure to test your color on the intended material before committing to a project.


Finally, consider the context in which your color will be used. For example, a baby blue accent wall might look different when paired with white furniture versus when paired with darker wood tones. Always consider how your color fits into the broader design scheme.

Tips for Achieving the Perfect Baby Blue

Creating baby blue is as much art as science, and there is no one “right” way to do it. However, here are a few tips to keep in mind as you work:

  • Start with a small amount of pigment or paint, and gradually add more until you achieve the desired shade.
  • Use very little pigment or paint at a time if you are trying to create a lighter shade of baby blue.
  • Consider using specialized pigments or paint colors designed specifically for creating baby blue.
  • Experiment with different combinations of blue, white, and other colors to achieve your desired shade.
  • Test your color on the intended material and in the intended lighting conditions before committing to a project.


Whether you are painting a nursery, knitting a baby blanket, or creating a logo for a new baby product, understanding how to create the perfect shade of baby blue is a crucial skill. By understanding the basics of color theory, experimenting with different pigments and combinations, and considering the context and material of your project, you can create a beautiful and timeless hue that will delight parents and babies alike.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Q: What colors are used to make baby blue?

    A: Baby blue is typically made by mixing blue and white together, although other colors can be used to create different varieties of blue.
  • Q: How much blue do I need to make baby blue?

    A: The exact amount of blue will depend on the shade you are trying to achieve and the intensity of your pigments. A good rule of thumb is to use about five parts white to one part blue to create a soft baby blue.
  • Q: Can I make baby blue without using blue pigment?

    A: It is possible to create a baby blue shade using other colors, such as green, yellow, or purple, although the results may vary.
  • Q: How do I test my baby blue color on different materials?

    A: Apply a small amount of paint or pigment to a patch of fabric, paper, or other material, and allow it to dry completely. View the color in different lighting conditions to see how it appears.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *