The legal system is an essential aspect of every society. It is the foundation that ensures that there is order in the system and that people have the much-needed protection for their rights to live freely. Several laws govern the society, and each has a specific purpose. In this article, we will examine the four different types of laws and what they entail.
What is a Statutory Law?
Statutory law refers to the law that is made by the legislative bodies such as Congress or a State legislative body. These laws can be in the form of a bill that is passed by both houses and signed by the governor of a state or the President of the United States. The statutory law governs different aspects of the society such as family law, criminal law, real estate law, and employment law.
Examples of Statutory Law
- Consumer Protection Laws
- Environmental Laws
- Tax Laws
- Immigration Laws
These are examples of statutory laws that are essential for every citizen and business to know about. Failure to follow statutory laws can lead to severe legal consequences.
What is a Common Law?
Common Law refers to the law that is developed over time through court decisions. As cases are decided, judges will look to previous decisions and try to interpret the law in the same way. This is known as a precedent. Common law is not written like statutory law, but it is still essential that citizens and businesses know its implications.
Examples of Common Law
- Tort Law – this deals with civil wrongs such as car accidents or injuries that are caused by someone’s negligence.
- Contract Law – this deals with the enforcement and validity of contracts.
- Property Law – this deals with ownership and tenancy rights of land and properties.
- Medical Malpractice Law – this deals with any harm caused during medical treatment due to negligence.
These are some examples of common law that affect citizens and businesses every day.
What is Administrative Law?
Administrative law refers to the law that governs the administrative activities of an agency. This includes government agencies, regulatory bodies, and administrative departments. The rules and guidelines that govern the activities of such entities are essential for the efficient functioning of the government and its agencies.
Examples of Administrative Law
- Civil Service Laws
- Immigration Laws
- Environmental Regulations
- Health and Safety Regulations
These are some examples of administrative laws that are enforced by government agencies and departments to ensure that they operate with transparency and accountability.
What is Criminal Law?
Criminal Law deals with offenses against the state. It refers to laws that prohibit certain actions that are considered unacceptable. These laws are enforced by the state, and charges are brought by the prosecuting authorities. Criminal law aims at protecting the society from activities that are considered harmful and dangerous to its members.
Examples of Criminal Law
- Theft and Robbery
- Drugs and Narcotics
- DUI and DWI
These are some examples of criminal laws that affect citizens and businesses.
Understanding the different types of laws that govern our society is essential. The laws provide a framework for the smooth running of society and ensure that there is order and justice. By knowing the different types of laws, citizens and businesses can comply with them and avoid legal consequences.
- What is the difference between common law and statutory law?
- What is the purpose of administrative law?
- What is the difference between criminal law and civil law?
Common law is developed through the court system over time while statutory law is created by legislative bodies such as Congress or a state legislative body.
The purpose of administrative law is to provide a framework for the efficient functioning of agencies and departments of the government.
Criminal Law deals with offenses against the state while civil law deals with disputes between two parties.