How to Prevent an Outbreak: 7 Tips for Staying Healthy

The world is currently facing a global pandemic that has caused a lot of fear and anxiety among people. The COVID-19 virus has spread rapidly and continues to be a threat to public health. However, there are steps you can take to prevent an outbreak and stay healthy. In this article, we will give you 7 tips for staying healthy and preventing an outbreak.

1. Wash Your Hands Frequently

Washing your hands frequently with soap and water is one of the easiest and most effective ways to prevent an outbreak. The World Health Organization recommends washing your hands for at least 20 seconds, especially after coughing or sneezing, before eating, and after using the bathroom.

To properly wash your hands:

  • Wet your hands with clean, running water
  • Apply soap and lather your hands by rubbing them together with the soap. Be sure to lather the backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails.
  • Scrub your hands for at least 20 seconds
  • Rinse your hands with clean, running water
  • Dry your hands with a clean towel or air dry them

2. Avoid Touching Your Face

Touching your face can transfer viruses and bacteria from your hands to your face, which can lead to an outbreak. Try to avoid touching your face, especially your eyes, nose, and mouth.

3. Practice Social Distancing

Practicing social distancing is another way to prevent an outbreak. This means avoiding close contact with people who are sick and keeping a distance of at least 6 feet from others.

Why is Social Distancing Important?

By keeping a distance from others, you reduce the risk of coming into contact with someone who is sick and contagious. This is especially important during a pandemic, as the virus can spread quickly from person to person.

4. Wear a Mask

Wearing a mask can help prevent the spread of the COVID-19 virus. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends wearing a cloth face covering in public settings where social distancing measures are difficult to maintain, such as grocery stores and public transport.

5. Stay Home if You Are Sick

If you are feeling sick, it is important to stay home to prevent the spread of the illness. This is especially important during a pandemic, as you could be unknowingly spreading a virus that could lead to an outbreak.

What Are the Symptoms of COVID-19?

The symptoms of COVID-19 can vary, but they typically include:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle or body aches
  • Headache
  • New loss of taste or smell
  • Sore throat
  • Congestion or runny nose
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Diarrhea

6. Clean and Disinfect Surfaces

Cleaning and disinfecting surfaces can help prevent an outbreak. The CDC recommends using household cleaners and disinfectants that are effective against the COVID-19 virus.

Which Surfaces Should You Clean and Disinfect?

You should clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces such as:

  • Tables
  • Doorknobs
  • Light switches
  • Countertops
  • Handles
  • Desks
  • Phones
  • Keyboards
  • Toilets
  • Faucets

7. Boost Your Immune System

Boosting your immune system can help you fight off infections and prevent an outbreak. You can boost your immune system by:

  • Eating a healthy, balanced diet
  • Getting enough sleep
  • Exercising regularly
  • Reducing stress
  • Taking supplements or vitamins, if recommended by your healthcare provider


Staying healthy and preventing an outbreak is a top priority for many people right now. By following these 7 tips, you can reduce your risk of getting sick and spreading viruses and bacteria. Remember to wash your hands frequently, avoid touching your face, practice social distancing, wear a mask, stay home if you are sick, clean and disinfect surfaces, and boost your immune system.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is an outbreak?

A: An outbreak is the occurrence of cases of a particular disease in an area or population that is greater than what is normally expected.

Q: How does social distancing work to prevent an outbreak?

A: Social distancing works by reducing the opportunities for the virus to be transmitted from person to person. When people keep a distance from each other, the virus has less of a chance to spread.

Q: Can wearing a mask prevent the spread of the COVID-19 virus?

A: Yes, wearing a mask can help prevent the spread of the COVID-19 virus. The mask helps to prevent respiratory droplets from spreading to others and from coming into contact with your own mouth and nose.

Q: How can I boost my immune system?

A: You can boost your immune system by eating a healthy diet, getting enough sleep, exercising regularly, reducing stress, and taking supplements or vitamins, if recommended by your healthcare provider.

Q: How should I clean and disinfect surfaces to prevent an outbreak?

A: To clean and disinfect surfaces:

  • Clean the surface with soap and water, if it is dirty
  • Use a household cleaner or disinfectant that is effective against the COVID-19 virus
  • Follow the instructions on the product label
  • Wear gloves while cleaning
  • Wash your hands with soap and water after cleaning


World Health Organization. (2020). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public. Retrieved from

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020). Coronavirus (COVID-19). Retrieved from

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