If you’re new to cooking with squash, you might not know how to identify the different types. This can be a bit of a challenge, especially if you don’t know what you’re looking for. However, once you know the differences between the different types, it will be much easier to pick out the ones you want for your next recipe.
What is Squash?
Squash is a type of vegetable that belongs to the gourd family. It is known for its tough outer skin, which is hard to cut through. In culinary terms, squash is often used as a substitute for potatoes or other starchy vegetables, and it is also used as a base for soups and stews.
Identifying Summer Squash
Summer squash is known for its thin, edible skin and tender flesh. There are a few different varieties of summer squash, but the most common are zucchini and yellow squash.
Zucchini typically has a dark green color, while yellow squash is, as the name implies, yellow. However, there are also varieties of zucchini that are yellow, white, or even striped.
Summer squash is usually cylindrical in shape, with a slightly tapered end. It can be either straight or slightly curved. Zucchini tends to be more uniform in shape, while yellow squash can be a bit more bulbous at the bottom.
Summer squash is usually harvested when it is still small and tender. The ideal size is around 6-8 inches long, but it can be a bit larger or smaller depending on the variety. You’ll want to look for squash that is firm and heavy for its size, with no soft spots or blemishes.
Identifying Winter Squash
Winter squash is known for its hard, inedible skin and sweet, dense flesh. There are many different varieties of winter squash, but some of the most common are acorn squash, butternut squash, and spaghetti squash.
Winter squash can come in a variety of colors, from deep green to bright orange. However, they all have thick, hard skins that are difficult to cut through.
Winter squash tends to be more irregularly shaped than summer squash. Acorn squash, for example, is shaped like an acorn, with ridges running up and down the sides. Butternut squash is shaped like a bell, with a slightly bulbous bottom and a narrower neck. Spaghetti squash is more oblong in shape, with a yellow, slightly curved skin.
Winter squash can vary widely in size, depending on the variety. Some may be small enough to hold in one hand, while others can be quite large and heavy. You’ll want to look for squash that is firm and heavy for its size, with no soft spots or blemishes.
Other Types of Squash
In addition to summer and winter squash, there are a few other types of squash that you might come across in your local grocery store or farmers’ market.
Pumpkins are a type of squash that are typically used for decoration or for making pies and other sweet treats. They have a tough, ribbed skin that is often orange or white in color, and they can be quite large and heavy.
Delicata squash is a type of winter squash that is smaller and more oblong than other varieties. It has a thin, edible skin that is striped in green and yellow, and it is known for its sweet, nutty flavor.
By understanding the differences between the different types of squash, you’ll be able to confidently identify the ones you need for your next recipe. Keep in mind that squash can be a bit challenging to cut through, especially if you’re working with a winter squash. Use a sharp, sturdy knife and be careful as you cut through the tough outer skin.
Most Common Questions
- What is the difference between summer and winter squash?
Summer squash is known for its thin, edible skin and tender flesh, while winter squash has a hard, inedible skin and sweet, dense flesh.
- What are some common types of summer squash?
Zucchini and yellow squash are two of the most common types of summer squash.
- What are some common types of winter squash?
Acorn squash, butternut squash, and spaghetti squash are three of the most common types of winter squash.
- What is the best way to cut through the tough skin of winter squash?
Use a sharp, sturdy knife and be careful as you cut through the tough outer skin.
“How to Select and Store Squash.” EatRight.org, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. https://www.eatright.org/food/planning-and-prep/cooking-tips-and-trends/how-to-select-and-store-squash.
“Types of Squash and How to Cook Them.” Food Network, 2021. https://www.foodnetwork.com/how-to/packages/smart-shopping/types-of-squash-and-how-to-cook-them.
“Squash Varieties.” The Spruce Eats, 2021. https://www.thespruceeats.com/types-of-squash-4036786.