How Soon Can You Say Goodbye to Varicocele After Surgery?

Varicocele is a condition that affects many men worldwide. In this condition, the veins in the scrotum become twisted or enlarged, which can lead to pain, discomfort, and even infertility. While many men with varicocele may choose to manage their symptoms with lifestyle changes or medication, others may require surgery to remove the affected veins.

If you are considering varicocele surgery, you may be wondering how long it will take for your symptoms to improve. In this article, we will explore the timeline of recovery after varicocele surgery and what you can expect during each stage of the healing process.

Before Surgery: What You Need to Know

Before undergoing varicocele surgery, it is important to understand the different types of procedures available and what to expect from each one. Your doctor will likely recommend one of the following surgeries:

  • Open Surgery – This procedure involves making an incision in the scrotum to remove the affected veins.
  • Laparoscopic Surgery – This minimally invasive procedure uses small incisions to access and remove the affected veins.
  • Percutaneous Embolization – This involves using a catheter to block off the affected veins through a small incision in the groin area.

Your doctor will provide you with specific instructions on how to prepare for your surgery, including fasting guidelines and medication instructions. It is important to follow these instructions carefully to ensure a successful procedure.

Immediately After Surgery: The First Few Days

After your surgery, you may experience some discomfort in the affected area, which can be managed with pain medication. You will likely be able to go home on the same day as your procedure or a day later, depending on the type of surgery you have undergone.

You will need to take it easy for the first few days after your surgery, avoiding strenuous activities and heavy lifting. Your doctor will provide you with specific guidelines on when you can resume normal activities. You should also wear a supportive athletic cup or jockstrap to help support the healing area.

First Week: Managing Pain and Discomfort

In the first week after surgery, you may experience some swelling, bruising, and discomfort in the affected area. You should continue to take any prescribed pain medication and apply ice to the affected area for 20-minute intervals several times a day. You should avoid sitting for long periods and elevate your scrotum with a rolled-up towel or cushion before sitting or lying down.

You will also need to take care when showering or bathing, keeping the affected area clean and dry. You should avoid soaking in a bath or swimming pool for at least one week after surgery to prevent infection.

Second Week: Gradual Return to Normal Activities

After the first week, you may be able to gradually increase your activity levels, including light exercise and walking. You should continue to wear supportive underwear during this time to protect the affected area.

Your doctor may also schedule a follow-up appointment during this time to check on your progress and remove any stitches or staples that may have been used during your surgery.

Long-Term Recovery: What to Expect

While recovery times vary depending on the type of surgery you have undergone, most men can resume normal activities within two to four weeks. You may still experience some discomfort or swelling in the affected area during this time, which can be managed with over-the-counter pain medication and rest.

Your doctor will likely schedule a follow-up appointment a few weeks after your surgery to monitor your progress and ensure that your symptoms have improved. It is important to attend these appointments and follow your doctor’s instructions carefully to ensure the best possible outcome.


Varicocele surgery can be an effective way to manage the symptoms of this condition and improve fertility in some men. While recovery times can vary, most men can resume normal activities within a few weeks after their surgery. By following your doctor’s instructions and taking care of yourself during the recovery process, you can help ensure a successful outcome and say goodbye to varicocele.

FAQs: Everything You Need to Know About Varicocele Surgery

  • How long will it take for my symptoms to improve after surgery?
  • Symptom improvement varies depending on the type of surgery and the individual patient. Most men can expect to see some improvement within two to four weeks of their surgery, with full recovery taking several months.

  • Will I need to take time off from work after surgery?
  • This depends on the type of surgery you have undergone and the demands of your job. Most men can expect to take at least a few days off from work after their surgery, with more time required for physically demanding jobs or those that require heavy lifting.

  • Is varicocele surgery painful?
  • Most men will experience some discomfort and swelling after their surgery, but this can usually be managed with pain medication and rest.

  • What are the risks of varicocele surgery?
  • All surgical procedures carry some risks, including infection, bleeding, and adverse reactions to anesthesia. Your doctor will discuss these risks with you before your surgery and provide you with specific instructions on how to minimize your risks.

  • Can varicocele surgery improve fertility?
  • While varicocele surgery cannot guarantee improved fertility, it has been shown to be a successful treatment option for some men with fertility issues related to their condition.


  1. Abdolrasouli A, Sadeghi MR, Shadpour P. Varicocele treatment: a review. J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord. 2016;4(2):241-247.
  2. Braun KP, May M, G├╝nzel K, et al. Complications of high retroperitoneal ligation of the spermatic vein: prevention and therapy. J Urol. 1997;157(3):1066-1070.
  3. Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Surgery or embolization for varicoceles in infertility: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Fertil Steril. 2016;106(8):1585-1595.

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