How Many People Does India Have? Uncovering the Population Mystery!

India is a country renowned for its diversity and rich cultural heritage. One of the most striking aspects of the country is its sheer population. India is the second-most populous country in the world, behind China. With such a large number of people, it comes as no surprise that there may be somewhat of a ‘population mystery’ surrounding the exact figures. In this article, we will provide an in-depth exploration of India’s population – examining how many people India has, how population figures are calculated, and exploring some interesting facts and figures around India’s population.

How Is India’s Population Counted?

The exact population figures of India are ascertained through a census, which is carried out every ten years. The most recent census was conducted in 2011. In this census, the total population of India was pegged at 1.21 billion – a significant increase from the approximately 1.03 billion count in the previous decade’s census.

The census collects data on various demographic factors along with the total population count. Some important demographic data points collected during the census include age, sex, literacy rate, employment status, religion, and mother tongue. The data collected from the census provides comprehensive insights into the Indian population.

India’s Population in 2021

India is expected to have a population of over 1.3 billion in 2021. This estimate is based on a calculation that uses the 2011 census data as a baseline and factors in the projected population growth rate over the last decade. India’s population growth rate has been declining over the last few decades, so the projected increase in population for this year is less than the growth rate seen at the turn of the century.

It is interesting to note that India has a larger population than the entirety of North and South America combined.

Population Density in India

One of the most striking aspects of Indian population demographics is its density. At the time of the 2011 census, India’s population density was estimated to be around 382 people per square kilometer. This is much higher than the world’s population density, which was estimated to be approximately 56 people per square kilometer in 2011.

Further analysis shows that some of India’s states are far denser than others. With a population density of over 11,320 people per square kilometer, Delhi is the most densely populated state in India. Bihar, West Bengal, and Kerala are other states with high population density levels.

Rural vs. Urban Population in India

As with many countries worldwide, India has a considerable difference in population density between urban and rural areas. While around 30 percent of the population is urban, the remaining 70 percent is rural. As of the 2011 census, the total number of people living in rural areas was estimated to be approximately 833 million, while urban areas were estimated to be home to around 377 million people.

The number of individuals migrating from rural areas to urban areas in India is also significant, which is why India’s urban population is expected to grow rapidly in the coming years.

Birth Rate and Death Rate in India

One aspect that can influence population growth is the birth and death rates. India’s birth rate and death rate are essential in understanding the country’s population growth. The 2019 population data shows that, on average, there are about two births per second in India. This means that there are around 172,800 births per day or 63 million births per year.

On the other hand, India’s death rate stands at around 7.3 deaths per 1,000 people. Despite a growing population, India’s death rate remains relatively low due to the country’s large number of young people.

Interesting Population Facts About India

1. India is the second-most populous country in the world

India has a significant population number, with 1.21 billion people, making it the second-most populated country in the world. China, on the other hand, has a population of over 1.4 billion people, making it the most populated country worldwide.

2. India has a young population

A large portion of India’s population is young, with almost 50 percent of the population below the age of 25. According to a United Nations report, by 2020, India is expected to have the world’s largest population of people aged 18 and under.

3. India has more than 2,000 ethnic groups and more than 1,600 mother tongues

With such a large population, India is home to a diverse range of people from various ethnic groups and linguistic backgrounds. There are more than 2,000 ethnic communities in India, and over 1,600 mother tongues are spoken across the country.

4. India’s Population is projected to surpass China’s by 2027

As China’s population growth slows, India’s population will continue to grow at a rapid pace. India’s projected population growth rate will likely mean that by 2027, India will have more people than China, making it the world’s most populous country.


India’s population remains an interesting topic of conversation worldwide, and a wide range of demographic factors influence the country’s growing population numbers. With a diverse population, high population density, and increasing urbanization, India is a vital player in global population demographics.

Common Questions and Answers

  • Q: How many people live in India?
  • A:India has a population of over 1.3 billion people in 2021.
  • Q: What is India’s population density?
  • A:India’s population density is estimated to be around 382 people per square kilometer.
  • Q: Is India more populated than China?
  • A:China has a larger population than India, making it the most populated country in the world.
  • Q: What is the birth rate in India?
  • A:The birth rate in India is approximately two births per second, which equates to around 63 million births per year.
  • Q: What is the difference between rural and urban population in India?
  • A:Rural areas in India are estimated to be home to around 70 percent of the population, while about 30 percent of the population lives in urban areas.



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