If you are planning for a camping trip or facing an emergency situation where you don’t have access to safe and clean drinking water, you might need to resort to boiling water for purification. Boiling water is the most effective and affordable way to kill almost all the germs and bacteria that are present in the water. However, the question arises on how long you need to boil water to make it safe for consumption.
In this article, we will provide you with a comprehensive guide on how to boil water for purification and how long it takes for different types of water.
Why Boiling Water is Important for Purification?
Boiling water is the simplest and most effective way to ensure that the water you are drinking is safe and free from germs and bacteria. Boiling water kills almost all the harmful organisms and viruses that are present in the water, including those that are responsible for typhoid, cholera, and dysentery. In addition to that, boiling water can also remove any sediments and dirt particles that might be present in the water, making it clean and safe for consumption.
How to Boil Water for Purification?
To boil water for purification, you need to follow these steps:
Step 1: Collect the Water
Start by collecting the water that you want to purify. You can collect it from any freshwater source, but make sure it is free from any chemicals or pollutants. If you are not sure about the quality of water, consider using a water filter or a water purification system before boiling.
Step 2: Pour the Water into a Pot
Pour the collected water into a pot or a container, preferably a stainless-steel pot, as it is durable and easy to use. Avoid using aluminum or copper containers for boiling water, as they can react with the water and contaminate it.
Step 3: Bring the Water to Boil
Place the pot on the stove and turn on the heat. Let the water come to a rolling boil. A rolling boil is a stage where the water bubbles vigorously and continuously. This stage ensures that the water has reached the required temperature to kill all the germs and bacteria.
Step 4: Maintain the Boil
Once the water has reached the rolling boil, keep it boiling for a certain amount of time, depending on the type of water and altitude. Maintaining the boil is as important as bringing the water to boil, as it ensures that all the germs and bacteria have been killed.
How Long to Boil Water for Different Types of Water?
If you want to purify tap water, the boiling time required is relatively less. Once the water reaches a rolling boil stage, let it boil for one minute. This one-minute boiling time is sufficient to kill all the bacteria and viruses present in the water.
If you are collecting water from a river or a stream, you should boil it for at least three minutes. River water often carries harmful bacteria and viruses that survive longer in colder water. By boiling for three minutes, you can kill all the germs and bacteria, making it safe for consumption.
If you are boiling lake water, you need to maintain the rolling boil for at least five minutes. Lakes often have a higher amount of contaminants, including algae and other organic matter, making it important to boil the water for a longer duration.
High Altitude Water
If you are boiling water at high altitudes, you need to boil it for a longer duration than at sea level. Due to a decrease in air pressure, water boils at a lower temperature, which might not be sufficient to kill all the germs and bacteria. At altitudes above 6,562 feet or 2,000 meters, you should boil the water for at least five minutes.
Boiling water is an easy and affordable way to make sure that the water you are drinking is safe and free from germs and bacteria. Always keep in mind the boiling times for different types of water and altitudes before purifying the water.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
- How long should you boil water to purify it?
The boiling time depends on the type of water and altitude. Tap water needs to be boiled for one minute, river water for at least three minutes, lake water for at least five minutes, and high altitude water for at least five minutes.
- Can boiling water remove all contaminants and pollutants?
No, boiling water can only kill the germs and bacteria present in the water; it cannot remove chemical pollutants or heavy metals. A water filter or a water purification system is necessary for removing chemical pollutants.
- Can boiling water make it too hot to drink?
Yes, boiling water can make the water too hot to drink. After boiling the water, let it cool down to room temperature before drinking.
1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2021). Making Water Safe in an Emergency. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/emergency/making-water-safe.html
2. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). (2020). Emergency Disinfection of Drinking Water. Retrieved from https://www.epa.gov/ground-water-and-drinking-water/emergency-disinfection-drinking-water