Falling is one of the most common fears among human beings. It’s a primal instinct that kicks in when we’re put in a situation of great danger. But how far can you actually fall in 3 seconds? Is it survivable? Read on to find out.

## How is distance calculated?

Before we dive into the specifics of how far you can fall in 3 seconds, we need to understand how distance is calculated. Distance is the amount of space between two points. When you’re falling, the distance you fall depends on several factors:

- The height you fall from
- The force of gravity
- The air resistance

To calculate the distance you fall, you need to know the height you’re falling from, as well as how long it takes you to hit the ground. In our case, we’re interested in how far you fall in 3 seconds.

## How far can you fall in 3 seconds?

Assuming a free fall, you can fall approximately **144 metres **(472 feet) in 3 seconds. This calculation is based on the following formula:

**D = 1/2 × g × t ^{2}**

Where:

- D is the distance fallen in metres
- g is the acceleration due to gravity (9.8 m/s
^{2}) - t is the time in seconds

Using this formula, we can calculate that the distance you fall in 3 seconds is approximately 144 metres (472 feet). This assumes that you’re in a vacuum, with no air resistance to slow you down.

## What is air resistance?

Air resistance is the force that opposes the motion of a falling object. As you fall, you push air molecules out of the way, creating a force that slows you down. This force is known as air resistance, and it increases as your speed increases. Air resistance can have a significant impact on how far you fall in 3 seconds.

### How does air resistance affect distance fallen?

The effect of air resistance on the distance you fall can be significant. As you fall, the force of air resistance grows, eventually balancing out the force of gravity. This causes you to reach a terminal velocity, at which point you stop accelerating and fall at a constant speed.

The terminal velocity of a human in a belly-to-earth freefall position is approximately 200 km/h (120 mph). This means that you would fall approximately 180 metres (590 feet) in 3 seconds, taking air resistance into account.

## Is it survivable?

The question of whether falling 144 metres or 180 metres in 3 seconds is survivable is a complex one. It depends on several factors, such as:

- The surface you land on
- Your age and health
- Your body position as you fall
- The clothing and gear you’re wearing

In general, falling from a height of more than 12 metres (40 feet) is considered dangerous and can result in serious injury or death. Falling from a height of more than 45 metres (150 feet) is almost always fatal.

## Conclusion

In conclusion, the distance you fall in 3 seconds depends on several factors, including your starting height, air resistance, and your body position as you fall. Assuming a freefall, you can fall approximately 144 metres (472 feet) in 3 seconds. Taking air resistance into account, this distance drops to approximately 180 metres (590 feet). Falling from these heights is usually fatal, although there are some cases where survival is possible.

## Common Questions and Answers

**Q:**How does air resistance affect falling?**A:**Air resistance opposes the motion of a falling object, causing it to slow down over time.**Q:**What is terminal velocity?**A:**Terminal velocity is the constant speed reached by a falling object when the force of air resistance is equal to the force of gravity.**Q:**Is it possible to survive a fall from a great height?**A:**It depends on several factors, but in general, falling from a height of more than 45 metres (150 feet) is almost always fatal.**Q:**How does body position affect falling?**A:**Your body position can affect how much air resistance you experience, which in turn affects how far you fall.

## References

BBC Future: The g-force that could brutally kill you

Popular Science: What happens to your body when you fall from great heights?