Does Vinegar Help Heartburn? The Surprising Answer

Heartburn is a common ailment experienced by many people. Although it is not dangerous, it can be uncomfortable and disruptive to daily activities. A variety of remedies have been suggested to manage this issue, and one of them is vinegar. Vinegar has been used for centuries to treat a variety of health problems, including heartburn. But does it really work? In this article, we will explore the surprising answer to this question.

The Science behind Heartburn

Before diving into the vinegar-heartburn connection, it’s important to understand what causes heartburn. At the bottom of the esophagus, there is a valve called the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). It opens to allow the food to enter the stomach and then closes immediately. In some cases, the LES might not close properly, causing stomach acid to move up to the esophagus. This causes the burning sensation known as heartburn. Eating large meals, laying down immediately after a meal, or consuming specific types of food can trigger heartburn.

The Vinegar Solution

Vinegar, specifically apple cider vinegar, has been touted as a cure for heartburn by many natural health advocates. The theory behind this remedy is that the acidity in the vinegar will help to balance the pH of the stomach acid, which is the root cause of heartburn. When the stomach acid is properly balanced, it is less likely to move up into the esophagus and cause heartburn.

The Acidity of Vinegar

Vinegar is primarily composed of acetic acid. This is what gives vinegar its sour taste and pungent smell. The pH of vinegar is usually between 2.4 and 3.4, which means it is an acidic substance. According to advocates of the vinegar-heartburn connection, the acidity in the vinegar help to balance the pH of the stomach acid, resulting in reduced heartburn symptoms.

How to Use Vinegar for Heartburn

To consume vinegar for heartburn relief, it is suggested that a tablespoon of vinegar be mixed with water and taken before or after meals. This will help to ensure that the vinegar is properly diluted and less likely to cause any discomfort.

What the Science Says

Despite the popularity of vinegar as a heartburn cure, there is currently little scientific evidence to support this claim. The few studies that have looked at the effectiveness of apple cider vinegar for heartburn have found mixed results. Some studies suggest that vinegar can help to reduce heartburn symptoms, while others indicate no significant differences between vinegar and placebo.

The Few Studies on Vinegar and Heartburn

One study conducted in 2007 investigated the effects of vinegar on heartburn in healthy adults. Participants were given either vinegar or placebo. The results showed that those who took vinegar experienced a significant improvement in their heartburn symptoms compared to the placebo group. Other smaller studies have also found similar results. However, another study conducted in 2015 found no significant differences between vinegar and placebo.

The Risks of Consuming Vinegar

While vinegar is generally safe for consumption, there are some risks involved. Consuming large amounts of vinegar can cause damage to tooth enamel, irritate the throat, and cause digestive issues. Furthermore, vinegar can interact with certain medications, such as diuretics and insulin. So, it is recommended to check with a doctor before consuming vinegar as a remedy.

Other Remedies for Heartburn

Heartburn can be managed with a variety of home remedies, including:

  • Chewing gum to stimulate the production of saliva, which can neutralize stomach acid.
  • Avoiding foods that trigger heartburn, such as spicy or acidic foods.
  • Elevating the head of your bed to prevent the backflow of stomach acid into the esophagus.
  • Taking over-the-counter antacids, such as Tums or Rolaids, which can neutralize stomach acid

The Bottom Line

In conclusion, while vinegar has been suggested as a remedy for heartburn, there is little evidence to support this claim. While some studies have shown that vinegar can help with heartburn symptoms, others have found no significant differences between vinegar and placebo. Furthermore, vinegar can cause digestive issues and interact with certain medications. If you experience frequent heartburn, it is recommended to discuss the issue with your doctor to determine the best course of action.


Below are some of the most common questions about vinegar and heartburn:

  • Can vinegar cure heartburn?
  • No, there is currently no scientific evidence to support the claim that vinegar can cure heartburn.

  • Can drinking vinegar cause heartburn?
  • Consuming large amounts of vinegar can potentially cause digestive issues, including heartburn.

  • Is apple cider vinegar good for acid reflux?
  • While there have been claims that apple cider vinegar can help manage acid reflux, there is insufficient scientific evidence to support this claim.

  • What foods trigger heartburn?
  • Spicy and acidic foods, as well as high-fat meals, can trigger heartburn.


  1. Astani, A., Navidpour, L., & Naghmachi, M. (2013). A comparison of the effects of vinegar and omeprazole on symptoms and quality of life in patients with persistent symptoms despite treatment with a proton pump inhibitor. Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 27(4), 223-227.
  2. Johnston, C. S., Gaas, C. A., & Vinegar, R. A. (2006). Case Report Collection: Case 2. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 106(10), 1575-1578.
  3. Karamanolis, G., Tsigaridas, N., Chatzimavroudis, G., Triantafyllou, K., & Giannoulis, G. (2015). Comparative effects of five different arms of treatment for reflux esophagitis: a pilot study. Gastroenterology Research and Practice, 2015, 1-6.

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