Can I Open a Capsule Pill and Take It? Let’s Find Out!

Many people find it difficult to swallow pills or capsules, especially those that are larger in size. Some individuals may also have trouble processing medication due to their specific medical conditions. For these reasons, many people wonder whether it is possible to open a capsule pill and take it in a different form. In this article, we will explore the topic of opening capsule pills and whether it is safe or not.

What are Capsule Pills?

Capsule pills are a type of medication that is enclosed in a gelatin-like shell. The shell is typically made from animal protein, and it is used to protect the medication inside from the acids and enzymes in the stomach. Capsule pills can come in various sizes and shapes, and they also come in two forms- hard and soft capsules.

Why Would Someone Want to Open a Capsule Pill?

The most common reason that someone might choose to open a capsule pill is to make it easier to swallow. However, other reasons include:

  • Mixing the medication with food or drink to make it more palatable
  • Adjusting the dosage if the prescribed dose is too high or too low
  • Administering the medication through a feeding tube or other alternative medication delivery system

Is It Safe to Open A Capsule Pill?

Whether it is safe to open a capsule pill or not varies depending on the specific medication. In some cases, it is perfectly fine to open a capsule pill and consume the contents inside. In other cases, doing so can be extremely dangerous.

It is important to note that opening a capsule pill can alter the medication’s properties and how it is metabolized by the body. Before opening any capsule pill, you should speak to your doctor or pharmacist for advice on whether or not it is safe to do so.

What Happens If You Open a Time-Release Capsule?

Time-release capsules are designed to deliver medication slowly over an extended period. When you open a time-release capsule, you effectively break the extended-release mechanism, and the medication is released into your system all at once instead of a controlled release.

If you open a time-release capsule, it can cause severe side effects or even be fatal. Always follow the instructions on the medication label and do not open a time-release capsule unless directed to do so by your healthcare provider.

How Can You Safely Open a Capsule Pill?

If it is safe to open a capsule pill, there are several steps you can take to do it safely. These include:

  • Check with your doctor or pharmacist before opening a capsule pill
  • Read the label carefully to see if there are any specific instructions on opening the capsule
  • If there are no instructions, gently pry open the capsule with your fingers, scissors, or a knife
  • Aim the contents into a spoon, a small dish, or another container
  • Consume the contents immediately or mix them with food or drink as instructed by your healthcare provider
  • Dispose of the empty capsule shell properly to avoid any potential accidents or consumption by children or pets.

What Medications Should Not be Opened?

Some medications should not be opened, crushed or cut as it can severely affect their efficacy or toxicity. The following types of medications should not be opened:

  • Time-released medications
  • Delayed-release medications
  • Capsules with small beads or granules inside
  • Chemotherapy drugs
  • Hormone supplements like birth control pills


Opening a capsule pill may be helpful for those who have difficulty swallowing pills or are looking to change their method of medication administration. However, it is essential to remember that not all medications should be opened, as doing so may cause harm. Always speak to your healthcare provider before opening a capsule pill, especially when it comes to time-release or delayed-release medications.


1. American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. (2021, August 17). Swallowing Difficulties. MedlinePlus.

2. Jorgenson, J. A. (2018). Oral Dosage Forms That Should Not Be Crushed. Hospital Pharmacy, 53(4), 238–244.

3. MedlinePlus. (2021, October 1). Capsules. MedlinePlus.


  • Can opening a capsule pill affect the medication’s effectiveness?
  • In some cases, opening a capsule pill can affect the medication’s efficacy. Always speak to your healthcare provider before opening a capsule pill.

  • Can I open a liquid capsule pill and consume it as a liquid?
  • It is generally safe to open a softgel or liquid capsule and consume the liquid inside if your healthcare provider approves it. However, please check with your healthcare provider or pharmacist first as some liquid capsules need to be taken as a whole.

  • Can opening a capsule pill cause side effects?
  • Opening a capsule pill may cause side effects, especially if it is a time-release or delay-release capsule. It is essential to talk to your healthcare provider before opening any capsule pill to avoid unwanted side effects.

  • Can I crush a capsule pill?
  • It is not recommended to crush a hard capsule pill as it may alter the drug’s properties and cause toxicity. However, it is safe to crush a soft or liquid capsule under specific circumstances. Always speak to your healthcare provider or pharmacist before crushing any medication.

  • What can happen if I open a time-release capsule pill?
  • Opening a time-release capsule pill can break the controlled-release mechanism and cause severe side effects or toxicity. It is essential to avoid opening time-release capsules unless your healthcare provider directs you to do so.

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