Can I Eat a Medium Steak While Pregnant? The Meaty Truth

Are you pregnant and craving a juicy medium steak? Before you indulge, it’s important to consider the potential risks and benefits of consuming meat during pregnancy. This article will explore the meaty truth behind eating a medium steak during pregnancy, so you can make an informed decision for yourself and your baby.

What Are the Nutritional Benefits of Eating Steak During Pregnancy?

Steak is a good source of protein, iron, zinc, and vitamin B12, all of which are important nutrients for a healthy pregnancy. Protein is essential for building and repairing tissue, while iron helps your body produce hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to your baby. Zinc is important for immune system function and cell growth, and vitamin B12 helps with the development of the brain and nervous system.

What Are the Risks of Eating Undercooked Meat During Pregnancy?

Undercooked meat can be a breeding ground for harmful bacteria such as E. coli, salmonella, and listeria. These bacteria can cause food poisoning, which can have serious consequences during pregnancy. Food poisoning can lead to dehydration, premature labor, and even miscarriage or stillbirth.

E. Coli

E. coli is a type of bacteria that can cause stomach cramps, diarrhea, and vomiting. In severe cases, it can lead to kidney failure. Pregnant women are at a higher risk of developing complications from E. coli infections due to changes in their immune system and hormones.


Salmonella is a type of bacteria that can cause diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps. While most people recover without treatment, severe cases can lead to hospitalization. Pregnant women are also at a higher risk of developing complications from Salmonella infections.


Listeria is a type of bacteria that can cause serious infections in pregnant women, leading to miscarriage, stillbirth, or premature delivery. Listeria can be found in undercooked meats, as well as soft cheeses and deli meats.

Is It Safe to Eat a Medium Steak During Pregnancy?

The American Pregnancy Association recommends cooking all meat to an internal temperature of 160 degrees Fahrenheit to kill any harmful bacteria. Cooking meat to medium, which is usually around 145 degrees Fahrenheit, may not be hot enough to kill harmful bacteria, so it’s best to err on the side of caution and cook your steak well-done.

How to Cook a Safe and Healthy Steak During Pregnancy

Here are some tips to help you cook a safe and healthy steak during pregnancy:

  • Choose quality meat from a reputable source, such as a local butcher.
  • Store your meat properly in the refrigerator, and cook it within two days of purchase.
  • Wash your hands and any utensils or surfaces that come into contact with raw meat.
  • Cook your steak to an internal temperature of 160 degrees Fahrenheit. Use a meat thermometer to ensure your steak is cooked to completion.
  • Avoid cross-contamination by keeping raw meat separate from other foods.

Can Eating Too Much Meat During Pregnancy Be Harmful?

While meat can be a healthy part of a balanced pregnancy diet, it’s important not to overdo it. Eating too much meat can lead to excessive weight gain, which can put you at risk for gestational diabetes and other pregnancy complications. It’s best to aim for a variety of foods in your diet, including lean sources of protein such as chicken, fish, and tofu.

The Bottom Line

While it can be tempting to indulge in a juicy medium steak during pregnancy, it’s important to consider the potential risks and benefits. Cooking your steak to well-done will help ensure that harmful bacteria is killed, and choosing quality meat from a reputable source can help minimize your risk of foodborne illness. As with any aspect of pregnancy, it’s important to consult with your healthcare provider if you have any concerns about your diet.

Common Questions and Answers

Here are some common questions and answers related to eating steak during pregnancy:

  • Q: Can I eat rare steak while pregnant?
    A: It’s not recommended to eat rare or medium-rare steak during pregnancy, as it may not be cooked enough to kill harmful bacteria.
  • Q: Can I eat steak tartare while pregnant?
    A: No, it’s not safe to eat raw meat of any kind during pregnancy, including steak tartare.
  • Q: Can I eat steak from a fast-food restaurant while pregnant?
    A: It’s best to avoid meat from fast-food restaurants, as the quality and safety of the meat may not be up to par. Choose quality meat from a reputable source.


American Pregnancy Association. (n.d.). Food Poisoning During Pregnancy. Retrieved from

March of Dimes. (n.d.). Eating meat when pregnant. Retrieved from

U.S. Department of Agriculture. (n.d.). Safe Minimum Internal Temperature Chart. Retrieved from

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