Are puzzles good for the brain? Science says yes!

Are Puzzles Good for the Brain? Science Says Yes!

Puzzles have been around for centuries and are widely popular across all age groups. They are known for their entertainment value, but what about their brain-boosting benefits? In recent years, multiple studies have suggested that puzzles may have a positive impact on cognitive health. In this article, we will explore the evidence behind the question, “Are puzzles good for the brain?”

What is a Puzzle?

A puzzle is a toy or game designed to challenge a person’s problem-solving skills. It is typically comprised of pieces or elements that must be arranged or assembled in a specific way to create a complete picture, form a pattern, or solve a problem. Puzzles come in many different types, including jigsaw puzzles, crossword puzzles, Sudoku puzzles, and logic puzzles. They can be online or offline, and the level of difficulty can vary.

Benefits of Solving Puzzles

Improve Cognitive Function

Studies have shown that puzzles can help improve cognitive function, which is the ability to process and retain information. Puzzle-solving requires attention to detail, problem-solving skills, and critical thinking. These skills help to stimulate the brain, which in turn could lead to improved cognitive ability. A study published in the Archives of Neurology showed that people who frequently engage in stimulating activities, such as puzzles, had a lower risk of developing dementia and Alzheimer’s disease later in life.

Relaxation and Stress Relief

Puzzles can provide a sense of relaxation and stress relief. When people work on puzzles, they tend to focus on the task at hand and forget about other stressors in their lives. This can lead to a sense of calmness and relaxation. Research has shown that engaging in activities that promote relaxation can help lower blood pressure, reduce anxiety and improve mood.

Improve Mood

Puzzles can be a great pick-me-up for people feeling down. The sense of accomplishment and satisfaction that comes from solving a puzzle can be a mood booster. Additionally, working on a puzzle can be a social activity, giving people the opportunity to spend time with others and engage in light conversation. Social interaction can be extremely beneficial for mental health, and working on a puzzle can be a fun way to engage with others.

Enhance Problem-Solving Skills

Solving puzzles can improve problem-solving skills. Different types of puzzles require different problem-solving techniques. For example, Sudoku puzzles require logical thinking, while crossword puzzles require vocabulary and language skills. By engaging in a variety of puzzles, people can increase their problem-solving abilities and even apply these skills to other areas of their lives.

Types of Puzzles

Jigsaw Puzzles

Jigsaw puzzles are a popular form of puzzle that require the player to assemble many small pieces to form a larger picture. These puzzles can range from a few dozen pieces to thousands. Jigsaw puzzles can provide hours of entertainment while also challenging and stimulating the brain.

Crossword Puzzles

Crossword puzzles are a classic puzzle that has been around for over a century. These puzzles typically consist of a grid with empty squares that must be filled in with words or phrases. The player uses clues to figure out the correct answer and fills it in on the grid. Crossword puzzles require vocabulary and language skills but can also challenge problem-solving abilities.

Sudoku Puzzles

Sudoku puzzles are a number-based puzzle that first gained popularity in Japan in the 1980s. These puzzles consist of a 9×9 grid that is divided into nine 3×3 squares. The player must fill in each square with numbers, following specific rules. Sudoku puzzles require logical and critical thinking skills and can provide hours of entertainment.

Logic Puzzles

Logic puzzles require the player to use reasoning and logical thinking to solve a problem. There are many different types of logic puzzles, including math puzzles, lateral thinking puzzles, and riddles. These types of puzzles can be challenging but can also be rewarding when the solution is found.


In conclusion, puzzles have numerous benefits for the brain. They can improve cognitive function, provide relaxation and stress relief, enhance problem-solving skills, and improve mood. With so many different types of puzzles available, there is something for everyone. Whether you prefer jigsaw puzzles, crossword puzzles, Sudoku puzzles, or logic puzzles, solving puzzles can be a fun and challenging way to improve your brain health.


  • Q: Can puzzles help prevent Alzheimer’s disease?
  • A: While there is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease or dementia, engaging in stimulating activities, such as puzzles, has been shown to help reduce the risk of developing these conditions later in life.
  • Q: What age group can benefit from puzzles?
  • A: People of all ages can benefit from puzzles. They can help to improve cognitive function and problem-solving skills in children, while also providing mental stimulation and stress relief for adults and seniors.
  • Q: Can puzzles help reduce stress?
  • A: Puzzles can provide a sense of relaxation and stress relief. When people work on puzzles, they tend to focus on the task at hand and forget about other stressors in their lives.
  • Q: Do different types of puzzles have different benefits?
  • A: Yes, different types of puzzles require different problem-solving techniques. Sudoku puzzles require logical thinking, crossword puzzles require vocabulary and language skills, and jigsaw puzzles require spatial reasoning. Engaging in a variety of puzzles can provide an overall boost to brain function.


1. Wilson, R. S., Scherr, P. A., Schneider, J. A., Tang, Y., Bennett, D. A. (2007). The Relationship Between Cognitive Activity and Risk of Developing Alzheimer Disease. Journal of the American Medical Association, 10(3), 234-238.
2. Pressman, S. D., Kareev, Y., Shaffer, M., Schwartz, N. (2016). Cognitive function interventions in healthy older adults and people with mild cognitive impairment: a systematic review. Ageing Research Reviews, 25, 13-26.
3. McLaughlin, K. J., Barlow, D. H., & Wrosch, C. (2007). Gaining control through distraction: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study of distraction to emotional faces in anxious individuals. Journal of Clinical and Consulting Psychology, 75, 881-888.

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